By Grischa Brokamp

This examine makes a speciality of realizing the socio-economic relevance of plant assets accumulated from the wild and its relation to present styles of exchange and sustainability. Grischa Brokamp reports and analyzes the present quantity of palm exchange in northwestern South the United States, its influence, barriers and destiny standpoint. certainly there are conflicts among the commercialization of untamed plant assets and the conservation of exploited species, that is illustrated through examples from the plant households Arecaceae and Krameriaceae.

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Extra info for Relevance and Sustainability of Wild Plant Collection in NW South America: Insights from the Plant Families Arecaceae and Krameriaceae

Sample text

Oenocarpus oil is consumed by humans and used in eosmetie prcparations (Gupta, 2006). The use of Oenocarpus oil is not new. A considerable export market existed in the early 20th eentury, when 100-200 tla whcre exported from Brazil and Colombia to the USA and Europe. off, 1981). There is currently an enormous interest in developing the market for Oenocarpus oil, and the commercial potential is generally considered as high, cven for regional and national markets (Mejia, 1992). 2 Current prie.. l00amaz0nia.

Fruit quality is highly vatiable and the best varieties such as shambo are cut down first (Manzi & Coomes, 2009) and they are becoming increasingly rare in the wild and on the market. Furthermore, the natural aguaje alands are genetica1ly impoverished since ooly trees producing low-grade fruits are loft to reproduce. Large-scale degradation of aguajales and concomitant gcnetic erosion pose im­ mediate threats to future attempts to commercially develop this promising resource. Non­ destructive harvesting techniques must be inttoduced to stop this direct and indirect resource depletion.

Tructioo ofwi1d populations into pcrspective as particular1y irresponsible. Uncontrolled harvest will inevitably lead to depletioo ofnatural stands (Xvi,1 & Nebel, 2001). 4% ofthe retail price ofthe:final product (Stoian, 2004). 9%; Stoian, 2004). Nevertheless, 21% oftbe beoetits generated by export of paIm heart are retumed to rural areas in northem Bolivia (Kahn. 1988). , 1998), and probably also in Ecuador and Co1ombia. Tbe collapse of the Bolivian canning industry was, however,large1y due to poor sanitary conditions in the canning plants and external eco­ nomical factors such as currency crises in importing countries (Stoian, 2004).

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