By Charles W. Bert (auth.), I. H. Marshall (eds.)

The papers contained herein have been awarded on the Fourth foreign convention on Composite constructions (ICCS/4) held at Paisley university of expertise, Scotland in July 1987. The convention was once organised and subsidized by means of Paisley collage of know-how. It used to be co-sponsored via the Scottish improvement enterprise, the nationwide Engineering Laboratory, the USA Air strength ecu place of work of Aerospace learn and improvement and the united states military examine, improvement and Standardisation team­ united kingdom. It types a normal and ongoing development from the hugely winning First, moment and 3rd foreign meetings on Composite buildings (ICCS/l, ICCS/2 and ICCS/3) held at Paisley in 1981, 1983 and 1985 respectively. there's little question that composite fabrics are rightfully claiming a well-known position in structural engineering within the widest feel. furthermore, the variety and diversity of valuable composites has multiplied to a degree impossible a decade in the past. despite the fact that, it's also real that this expanding utilisation has generated an more advantageous expertise of the manifold components which dictate the integrity of composite constructions. this is often certainly a fit angle to a comparatively new measurement in structural engineering for you to have an more and more dominant function because the century progresses. either the range of program of composites in structural engineering and the endeavours to be able to confirm their health for goal are mirrored herein.

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Extra resources for Composite Structures 4: Volume 2 Damage Assessment and Material Evaluation

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Graph showing delamination area versus number of cycles for 14 CFRP cantilever specimens. 52 An Experimental Investigation into Damage Propagation Measurements taken for each specimen at each of the ten fatigue cycle increments showed noticeable reductions in static stiffness with increasing strain levels (see Fig. 6). Such changes are obviously linked to the size of the damage area within the specimen. In order to assess the relationship between static stiffness and damage area, correlation coefficients were calculated separately for autoclaved and pressed specimens, using the following relationship: where x = static stiffness and y = damage area.

Under low velocity impacts, the major forms of damage consist of matrix cracking and delamination. Delamination is the more critical, as it may cause significant reduction in compressive strength. Thus, to improve the impact resistance property of a composite laminate, the interfaces of the laminate must be toughened. One method being considered for interface toughening is the use of adhesive layers. By placing tough adhesive films along the interfaces of the laminae, Chan et aU demonstrated that edge delamination in coupon laminate specimens subjected to in-plane tension could be suppressed.

Variation of specific energy absorption with diameter for 8 mm thick cones. 38 The Crush Performance of Composite Structures with 0 = 11 0, and those with 0 = 22° triggered by internal chamfers had crush zone morphologies similar to those of axisymmetric tubes (Fig. 2), however the internal debris fronds were wider than the external fronds. In cones with 0 = 22° triggered by an external chamfer and all 0 = 45° cones, all the debris passed to the inside of the specimen as can be seen from Fig. 6.

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