By David H. Price

In Cold conflict Anthropology, David H. expense bargains a provocative account of the profound impact that the yank safeguard kingdom has had at the box of anthropology because the moment global battle. utilizing a wealth of knowledge unearthed in CIA, FBI, and armed forces files, he maps out the elaborate connections among academia and the intelligence group and the strategic use of anthropological learn to extra the ambitions of the yank army advanced. the increase of quarter reviews courses, funded either overtly and covertly through executive enterprises, inspired anthropologists to supply paintings that had highbrow worth in the box whereas additionally shaping international counterinsurgency and improvement courses that furthered America’s chilly battle ambitions. eventually, the ethical matters raised via those actions caused the yank Anthropological organization to set up its first ethics code. fee concludes by way of evaluating chilly War-era anthropology to the anthropological services deployed through the army within the post-9/11 era.

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Extra resources for Cold War Anthropology: The CIA, the Pentagon, and the Growth of Dual Use Anthropology

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The cia observed that the postwar collapse of existing Eu­ro­pean and Japa­ nese colonialism in Asia and Africa fueled “the release of bottled-up nationalist activities,” and it conceded the “further disintegration” of global Eu­ro­pean colonial holdings was “inevitable” (cia 1948: 1). It stressed the economic impact of anticolonial movements, lamenting that “no longer can the Western Powers rely on large areas of Asia and Africa as assured sources of raw materials, markets, and military bases” (2).

One of the ways that the cia ­shaped the funding of international research was by planting agency employees in key positions on foundations. In 1955, dci Dulles responded to a request by Don K. Price, acting president of the Ford Foundation, to loan a cia employee to serve on the Ford Foundation staff, writing that he would make a cia employee (female, identity redacted) available to the foundation for two years, adding that “we consider her competency such that, with a period of ser­vice with you, she and this Agency ­will gain significantly” (foia cia-­rdp80B01676R004000140015–9, AD to DKP, 8/13/55).

S. social scientists of the era to acknowledge that such self-­serving motivations lay at the base of many Cold War American foreign policies and programs linked to American academics. The war’s end brought uncertainty for American intelligence agencies. ­Under President Truman’s Executive Order 9621, the oss disbanded on October 1, 1945, and the agency’s functions w ­ ere reassigned to the Department of State and the War Department. Had President Roo­se­velt lived to the postwar period, the oss may have remained a permanent agency, but oss director William Donovan lacked Truman’s support.

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