By Peter Mayer

The present clash which threatens the very lifestyles of the inter­ nationwide communist stream as a unmarried coherent entity has to be sought for within the roots of Marxian philosophy. The vital proposal of pre-Leninist communism is inside the thought of "proletarian internationalism. " but the emergence of the communist party-states has been squarely predicated at the necessities of unmarried nationwide states, as seen in the course of the education and event of many of the communist leaders. therefore the Soviet model has been formed via the nationalism of Lenin, Stalin, and Khrushchev. the single aberrant case, the internationalism of Trotsky, was once doomed to failure. The chinese language model of "communism" has as its root innovations the spirit of "prolonged" fight opposed to a fantastic enemy, whose final defeat is ensured during the dialectics of political development. The non­ communist societies are through definition "decadent. " The circulate got here to strength through exploiting the nationalism engendered inside China by way of the japanese invasion. Its mass help was once according to the peasantry, even supposing the obvious fiction of "proletarian management" was once strictly maintained. extra, "communism" is a time period which has misplaced its unique encompassing definition. Peking now narrowly defines it as rules consonant with "the considered Mao Tse-tung. " therefore either the Soviet and the chinese language interpretation of "commun­ ism" are in response to an idea which was once anathema to the highbrow founders of the movement.

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Additional info for Cohesion and Conflict in International Communism: A Study of Marxist-Leninist Concepts and Their Application

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For its practical aspects see Hunt, op. , pp. 191-201; the politics of the era are described in Abdurakhman Avtorkhanov, Stalin and the Soviet Communist Parl:J!. A Study in the Technology of Power. New York: Frederick A. Praeger (1959). 3 See W. Z. , International Publishers (1955), pp. 365-67. The value of the work lies precisely in its partisan and polemical nature. Internal Soviet developments are implicity assunled to benefit the international movement. Yet even a superficial reading discloses them to be predicated to the requirements of the Soviet party-state.

World [permanent] revolution"). "Ideology" is a set of attitudes conditioned by "theory" in each particular time and place. But whereas "theory" is alive and still in the process of growth and expansion, "ideology" has ceased to be dynamic of its own volition, and has degenerated into little more than a series of propositions expressed, usually, in propaganda slogans and phrases whose exact meaning is difficult to ascertain, and whose policy content has been reduced to dogma. It is, further, the means by which the political culture is filtered through the system, thereby expressing, and at the same time conditioning, the political attitudes of the populace.

Further, the very suspicions which caused the Soviet Union to look askance at the West, while leading to some grave errors in policy formulation and execution, l nevertheless provided the impetus for the fourth five-year plan. 2 During this period the Soviets largely rebuilt what the war had destroyed. "" -While an understanding ofthe internal situation of the Soviet Union is important for our purposes, 5 a central theme of the present study remains a discussion of the view the Soviets adopted regarding the emergence of the various "socialist" states into a potential and eventual one-state system.

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