By Kingsley Dennis
It's tricky to visualize a global with no the automobile, and but that's precisely what Dennis and Urry got down to do during this provocative new ebook. They argue that the times of the auto are numbered: strong forces worldwide are undermining the automobile process and should herald a brand new shipping procedure someday within the following couple of a long time. particularly, the publication examines how numerous significant strategies are shaping the way forward for how we commute, including:
• worldwide warming and its many worldwide consequences
• Peaking of oil supplies
• elevated digitisation of many points of financial and social life
• titanic international inhabitants increases
The authors examine adjustments in expertise, coverage, financial system and society, and make a powerful argument for a destiny the place, through necessity, the current vehicle process may be re-designed and re-engineered.
Yet the e-book additionally means that there are a few highly bleak dilemmas dealing with the 21st century. The authors lay out what they give thought to to be attainable ‘post-car’ destiny eventualities. those they describe as ‘local sustainability’, ‘regional warlordism’ and ‘digital networks of control’.
After The Car may be of significant curiosity to planners, coverage makers, social scientists, futurologists, these operating in undefined, in addition to basic readers.
Some have defined the 20 th Century because the century of the auto. Now that century has come to a detailed – and issues are approximately to change.
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Extra resources for After the Car
The internal combustion engine was crucial to the mechanizing of warfare, where speed, durability, and power on a battlefield were central to new forms of warfare. As journalist and historian Edwin Black noted: 'the electric moment had been lost. \iVarfare was too important and the demand for internal combustion too great'. 14 The internal combustion engine and the steel bodied vehicle won two wars; one abroad on European soil, and the other at home in the domestic car market. After this, US automobile pro duction derived from a series of relatively contingent small causes led to its petroleum-based domination.
The car is also the stylized body for screen presences such as James Dean or Sreve McQueen. 24 Fifth, the car driver is increasingly surrounded by control systems that allow a simulation of the domestic environment, a home from home moving flexibly and riskily through strange and dangerous environments. The car is a sanctu ary, a zone of protection, however slender, between oneself and that dangerous world of other cars, and between the places of departure and arrival. The driver is strapped into a comfortable, if constraining, armchair and surrounded by micro-electronic informational sources, controls and sources of pleasure.
47 Often, this is explained by state policy initiatives that advantage and sup port private car ownership over public transport, especially when encouraged by state authorities with vested interests in a national automobile industry. It also demonstrates the power wielded by major automotive corporations with for eign investment incentives. 49 Further, the typical car requires 680 kg of steel, 2 3 0 kg of iron, 90 kg of plastics, 45 kg of rubber and 45 kg of aluminium. And 8,000-28,000 kil owatt hours of energy are needed to produce a single motor vehicle.