By Peter J Lewty
In precisely many years of prosperity, among 1886 and 1891, a wave of railroad development broke around the in moderation populated inland simple of the Pacific Northwest. Racing to safe strategic routes and resources of site visitors, the railway promoters outfitted an intensive and bewildering community of competing strains. carrying on with the saga he started out in To the Columbia Gateway: The Oregon Railway and the Northern Pacific, 1879-1884 (WSU Press, 1987), Peter Lewty describes the region's dramatic railroad growth within the years 1885 to 1893. Recreating the present surroundings of optimism and pleasure, he strains the growth of the Northern Pacific and Union Pacific structures within the inside Northwest, chronicles the development of the Pacific extension of the good Northern Railway, and provides a multi-faceted portrait of railway operations at the final frontier of yank payment.
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Extra info for Across the Columbia Plain: Railroad Expansion in the Interior Northwest, 1885-1893
In the days before American settlement, Hudson's Bay Company voyageurs plied its waters to maintain a tenuous transcontinental trade link with Montreal. And when the Oregon Country was overtaken by Manifest Destiny, American prospectors, traders, and farmers passed upriver to the promised land. In 1860 a group of independent Columbia River steamboatmen and portage owners pooled their resources to form the Oregon Steam Navigation Company, which monopolized the river trade for the next 19 years. Short railways eased freight-handling bottlenecks at the Cascades and Celilo portages, and the sternwheelers provided adequate frontier transportation.
In 1860 a group of independent Columbia River steamboatmen and portage owners pooled their resources to form the Oregon Steam Navigation Company, which monopolized the river trade for the next 19 years. Short railways eased freight-handling bottlenecks at the Cascades and Celilo portages, and the sternwheelers provided adequate frontier transportation. Seasonal variations in river level, however, limited their capacity to handle bulk commodities. By 1878 the riverboats could barely cope with the increasing quantities of export grain.
Philosophically contemplating the sudden "revolution of the wheel of fortune," he decided instead to assume the role of mediator. His object would be to bring the warring factions together and eliminate wasteful competition between railroad companies operating in the far Northwest. 25 Wright and Harris viewed these events uneasily. They were fully conscious not only of the voting strength placed in Villard's hands but also of the financially exhausted condition of the Northern Pacific. In the fiscal year ending June 30, 1887 the railroad rate war and the OR&N exactions had reduced the annual surplus to a mere $65,707.