By Kenneth Button (editor)
This concise and obviously concentrated Dictionary, with contributions by way of the top specialists of their fields, brings order and readability to a subject matter which can be afflicted by confusion over terminology and ideas. It offers a bridge among the educational disciplines concerned and illustrates the appliance of transportation coverage that crosses various administrative divisions. slicing via jargon, the entries pay attention to the social technology points of transportation research, defining a few of the phrases utilized in transportation, and delivering important details on many of the significant associations and applied sciences affecting this zone This concise and accomplished Dictionary may be a useful addition to libraries and learn institutes and a beneficial source for someone with an curiosity within the research of shipping.
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Additional info for A dictionary of transport analysis
Indd 17 23/11/10 15:43:30 18 Air quality respect to nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. Waterborne transport may influence air quality not only in harbour areas, but also through acidification impacts in larger areas. Ships often use oil with a high sulphur content resulting in emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2). When nitrogen oxides produced by ships are also taken into account, it has been calculated that international shipping traffic accounts for 10–15 per cent of total deposition over Western Europe.
Givoni, M. and D. Banister (2006). Airline and railway integration. Transport Policy 13, 386–97. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1999). Aviation and the Global Atmosphere. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, published for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. indd 22 23/11/10 15:43:30 Airlines 23 airlines An airline is a company or an organization operating aircraft on a commercial basis carrying passengers, freight and mail. Flights can be operated on a scheduled or non-scheduled, charter basis.
VOCs emissions are caused not only from tailpipe exhaust, but also by evaporation of gasoline during vehicle refuelling, operation and parking. Small particles, with an aerodynamic diameter less than 10 micrometres, are likely responsible for most of the adverse effects of particulate matter because of their ability to enter the human respiratory system during inhalation. That is why air quality standards use their concentrations as indicators for particulate matter. 5 micrometers in diameter – are the most dangerous, since particles of this size are transported deep into the lungs.