By E. Barcevicius, T. Weishaupt, J. Zeitlin, Egidijus Barcevi?ius
In keeping with the findings of a large-scale, comparative study undertaking, this quantity systematically assesses the institutional layout and nationwide effect of the Open approach to Coordination in Social Inclusion and Social defense (pensions and health/long-term care), on the ecu Union point and in ten european Member States.
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Extra info for Assessing the Open Method of Coordination: Institutional Design and National Influence of EU Social Policy Coordination
For a fuller discussion of these critiques of the OMC’s legitimacy, see Zeitlin (2005a, 219–227). 5. For a fuller discussion of these methodological challenges, see Zeitlin (2009, 214–216). 6. Information drawn from the Romanian country report is not included in this comparative chapter, because we do not consider its ﬁndings sufﬁciently reliable. 7. This framework was tailored to the purposes of the evaluation (PPMI 2011a) and rethought again for this book by taking into consideration the material coming from the country studies.
The intervening years (2007, 2009) were considered ‘light’ or ‘thematic’ years without reporting obligations. In preparation for these years, the Commission circulated questionnaires on speciﬁc topics to the Member States and used their answers in producing the subsequent Joint Report. All the diverse formats of deliberation, reporting, and learning under the OMC were at least partly E. Barceviˇcius, J. T. Weishaupt, and J. Zeitlin 29 directed at these speciﬁc topics, for example, in 2007 – reducing child poverty, promoting longer working lives, reducing inequalities in health outcomes, and in 2009 – reducing homelessness and housing exclusion, improving the effectiveness and efﬁciency of health-care spending, and the implications of crisis for pension systems.
Although the title of the guideline refers to poverty and social inclusion, only one of the three pillars of the Social OMC in 2006–2010, the actual content of the guideline also refers to the objectives of the others, notably the need to modernize ‘social protection systems, including pensions and access to healthcare’ in order to ‘ensure adequate income support and services [ . . ] whilst remaining socially sustainable’ (Council 2010b, 6). The European Council of 17 June 2010 also met another key demand of the social advocacy groups by adopting the headline poverty target: ‘to lift at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and social exclusion’.