By Jeannette Littlemore

Cognitive linguistics is a comparatively new self-discipline that's quickly changing into mainstream and influential, really within the sector of moment language educating. This ebook seems at how cognitive linguistics can tell our instructing, and bring about fascinating feedback for other ways of providing grammar and vocabulary within the language lecture room.

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Extra info for Applying Cognitive Linguistics to Second Language Learning and Teaching

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Is it something I can play with? ) and we do not stop categorizing things even when we reach adulthood, particularly when we find ourselves in a new environment, faced with unfamiliar stimuli. In this section, I begin by outlining some of the early cognitive linguistic work on categories. I then look at work Construal and L2 Learning 27 that has been carried out into the ways in which different languages categorize space. In Chapter 3, I will look at more recent work on categorization, and discuss individual words, morphemes phonological features and intonation patterns as radial categories.

7 The role of explicit teaching in the learning of L2 construal patterns Much of the above discussion has focused on implicit learning, but it is also important to think about what we as language teachers can do to facilitate learning. Form-focused instruction is nearly always more effective than mere exposure to L2 input (Doughty, 2003) but it is not always clear what aspects of the language we should focus on in these form-focused instruction sessions. De Bot et al. (2005: 85) provide a partial answer to this question when they say that: ‘The role of explicit instruction is .

He argues that our minds are ‘trained in taking particular points of view for the purposes of speaking’ (Slobin, 1996: 91), and that this influences the way in which we encode information when we first encounter it, as we attend to those aspects of the information that are relevant to speaking. Thus although the language that we speak causes us to have different ways of construing phenomena, these are only activated when we actually attempt to put our thoughts into words or engage in private speech.

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